The date December 10 was chosen in honor of the adoption and proclamation by the UN General Assembly on December 10, 1948 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), a landmark document that proclaimed the inalienable rights inherent in everyone, regardless of race. skin color, sex, language, religion, political or other convictions, national or social origin, property, class or other status.
This Document, adopted almost immediately after the terrible Second World War, which violated all possible rights, including the right to life of millions of people, became the first world document to formulate provisions on human rights. The Declaration includes a wide range of political, civil, social, cultural and economic rights.
It is being translated more often than any other document in the world: the text exists in more than 500 languages, which testifies to the universal nature and scope of the Declaration. On its basis, the development of other international agreements was carried out.
In the last decade, Human Rights Day has been held every year under a specific slogan, including: “Human dignity and justice for all of us”, “Non-discrimination”, “Human rights defenders around the world fighting to eradicate discrimination”, “We honor human rights!”, “ My voice matters ”,“ 20 years of fighting for your rights ”,“ Human rights 365 days a year ”,“ Fight for someone’s rights today! ” other.
By the way, every 5 years on December 10, on the anniversary of the proclamation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the UN Human Rights Prize ceremony is held. It was established in 1966 to honor those who have made outstanding contributions to the promotion and protection of human rights, and was first awarded in 1968.
World AIDS Day is celebrated annually around the world on December 1, in accordance with the decision of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the decision of the UN General Assembly adopted in 1988.
This Day has become one of the most important international health days and a key opportunity to raise awareness, pay tribute to those who died from the disease, and celebrate achievements such as expanding access to treatment and prevention.
On June 5, 1981, the American Center for Disease Control registered a new disease – AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). This is a serious condition that develops in a person against the background of severe immunodeficiency caused by a long course of HIV infection.
For the first time, AIDS Day was celebrated on December 1, 1988, following a call for social tolerance and increased exchange of information on HIV / AIDS at a meeting of ministers of health from all countries.
This international day, celebrated each year, serves to strengthen organized efforts to combat the HIV and AIDS pandemic spreading across all regions of the world. Organized efforts are aimed at strengthening public support for HIV / AIDS prevention programs, organizing training and providing information on all aspects of HIV / AIDS.
Realizing the ever-increasing complexities of the HIV / AIDS pandemic, the UN formed in 1996 a union of six global organizations. Called the Joint United Nations Program on HIV / AIDS (UNAIDS), the program brings together as sponsors of this joint project, the United Nations Children’s Fund, the United Nations Development Program, the United Nations Population Fund, the United Nations Organization for Education, Science and Culture (UNESCO), the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Bank.
UNAIDS supports long-term global projects on HIV and AIDS prevention; assists in the fight for human rights regardless of HIV status, assists countries around the world through prevention education, support for HIV / AIDS research, and work with programs to expand the international front against HIV / AIDS.
According to the organization, today 37.9 million people worldwide are infected with HIV, and a quarter of them are unaware of their status. But knowing your status is the first step towards HIV treatment and prevention.
World AIDS Day has become an annual event in most countries and is celebrated each year under a different motto that reflects current pressing issues. Although December 1 has been designated as the date for the Day, many communities organize a number of educational and diagnostic events during the weeks and days before and after the official celebration.
The symbol of the fight against AIDS is the red ribbon, and not a single action in this area is complete today without it. This ribbon was conceived in the spring of 1991 as a symbol of understanding AIDS. Its idea belongs to the artist Frank Moore. He lived in a provincial New York state town, where a neighboring family wore yellow ribbons, hoping for the safe return of their soldier daughter from the Persian Gulf. Ribbons first appeared as a symbol during the Gulf War. Green ribbons, similar to the non-inverted V, have become a symbol of the experiences of the Atlanta child murders. The artist decided that the ribbon could be a metaphor for AIDS too.
The idea was accepted by the Visual AIDS group. As the organization consisted of professional artists and art managers, the advertisement for the visible symbol of the fight against AIDS was very successful. It all started very simply. Here is an excerpt from an early Visual AIDS flyer: “Cut a red tape 6 centimeters long, then fold at the top to form an inverted V. Use a safety pin to attach it to your clothes. “
The Declaration of Principles on Tolerance declares that all people are different in nature, but equal in their dignity and rights. According to the document, tolerance means respect, acceptance and correct understanding of the rich diversity of the world’s cultures, forms of self-expression and ways of manifesting human individuality. At the state level, tolerance requires fair and impartial legislation, respect for the rule of law, and due process and administration. Tolerance also requires providing everyone with opportunities for economic and social development without discrimination.
The most effective means of preventing intolerance is, according to the declaration, education, which begins with teaching people what their general rights and freedoms are, in order to ensure the exercise of these rights, and encouraging the desire to protect the rights of others.
The United Nations is committed to fostering tolerance by deepening understanding between cultures and peoples. This imperative is at the heart of the UN Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It is even more relevant in the current era of intensifying and violent extremism, the spread of radicalism and the expansion of conflicts, one of the hallmarks of which is a complete disregard for human life.
In recent years, there has been a sharp increase in the incidence of intolerance, extremism and violence around the world. This alarming trend is fueled in part by a growing tendency to define differences in terms of identity, rather than in terms of opinions or interests.
As a result, individuals and entire communities become targets of violence and cruelty only because of their ethnic, religious, national or other identity. Such threats, whether it be widespread genocide or daily humiliation due to prejudice, should be of concern to everyone.
Each of us must strive to uphold the principles of tolerance, pluralism, mutual respect and peaceful coexistence. We must always be ready to eliminate stereotypes and misconceptions and to advocate for victims of discrimination.
It is important to remember that diversity, embodied in thoughts, beliefs and actions, is a valuable gift, not a threat. We must strive to build more tolerant communities in which this fundamental ideal will take root.
International Day of Charity. The purpose of the Day is to draw public attention to the activities of charitable organizations and individuals in overcoming poverty and acute humanitarian crises, and, of course, to encourage their work and mobilize people, public organizations and stakeholders around the world to participate in volunteer and charitable activities.
The Hungarian government initiated the establishment of this Day, and the date is timed to the anniversary of the death of Mother Teresa of Calcutta (1910-1997). A renowned missionary and Catholic nun, she has served the poor, sick and orphans for half a century, doing charitable work, first in India and then in other countries. For her noble work, Mother Teresa was recognized in the world, and in 1979 she became a laureate of the Nobel Peace Prize “For her work in helping a suffering person.”
Charity, like volunteerism and philanthropy, is one of the most important needs of humanity. It brings people together, contributes to the creation of an inclusive and more resilient society, and the protection of the most vulnerable and disadvantaged segments of the population. And today, when the need for humanitarian aid is great and when the number of refugees and displaced persons has reached a record high since the end of World War II, charity plays an increasingly important role. So the International Day of Charity is intended to affirm the principle of mercy in society. After all, it is not known who and when will need support.
Charitable organizations of various directions work in the world – some help children, adults, disabled people, old people, people who for various reasons find themselves in difficult situations, others – dogs, domestic cats, Amur tigers, birds and turtles. Still others – monuments of architecture and culture, which are threatened by something … These are large and small organizations that work with different resources. There are many options for help – you can donate money, regardless of size, give things or blood, help put out fires, or you can give your time.
The main thing is to understand that helping others is not a heavy duty or a burden, but happiness. If we are generous, we are more sympathetic and attentive to people, we understand them. This creates strong bonds between us, helps to appreciate life and feel useful and in demand.
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The world faces a large number of challenges and threats: poverty, violence, violation of human rights. This undermines international peace and security, social foundations, creates obstacles to development, divides people and societies. In order to successfully confront these challenges and threats, it is necessary to root out their causes. This can be achieved through the expression of solidarity, which can take many forms. First of all, it is friendship, it makes us closer. Together we can achieve agreement, create normal conditions for the existence of all people striving to make the world a better place.
The ideological basis for the new date was the Declaration and Program of Action for a Culture of Peace and the International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Benefit of the Planet (it covered 2001-2010).
The UN invited government agencies, as well as international and regional organizations to celebrate this day in accordance with the cultural traditions of a particular country and organize events and initiatives that will contribute to the efforts of the international community and will be aimed at promoting dialogue among civilizations, solidarity, mutual understanding and reconciliation.
The resolution especially emphasizes the importance of the new date in strengthening friendly relations between different peoples. “Friendship among peoples, countries, cultures and individuals can inspire peace efforts and provide an opportunity to build bridges between societies that honor cultural diversity,” the document says.
In addition, one of the tasks of the International Day of Friendship is to attract young people, including future leaders, to social activities aimed at a respectful perception of different cultures.
Currently, in many countries of the world, events are held annually to promote friendship and tolerant attitude towards others.