December 3.

International Day of Persons with Disabilities.

In 1992, at the end of the United Nations Decade of Disabled Persons (1983-1992), the UN General Assembly, by its resolution No. 47/3, proclaimed December 3 as International Day of Disabled Persons, with the aim of promoting the rights of persons with disabilities in all areas of public life, and also attracting the attention of the general public to the problems of persons with disabilities.

This decade was a period of raising awareness and taking measures to improve the situation of persons with disabilities and ensure equal opportunities for them. Later, the UN General Assembly called on UN member states to annually celebrate the Day, with a view to further integrating persons with disabilities into society.

In December 2006, the UN General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, which is a human rights instrument with a focus on social development – it is both a human rights treaty and a development tool. The Convention entered into force on May 3, 2008, and its principles are: respect for the inherent dignity and personal independence; non-discrimination; full and effective involvement and inclusion in society; respect for the characteristics of persons with disabilities and their adoption as a component of human diversity and part of humanity; equality of opportunity; availability; gender equality; respect for the developing abilities of children with disabilities and respect for the right of children with disabilities to preserve their individuality.

In the world more than 1 billion people have some form of disability (and this is one in seven), more than 100 million people with disabilities are children. And all of them face physical, socio-economic and behavioral barriers that exclude them from full-scale, effective and equal participation in society. According to the UN, they make up a disproportionate share of the poorest part of the world’s population, and they do not have equal access to basic resources such as education, employment, health care and the system of social and legal support.

Therefore, the celebration of the International Day of Persons with Disabilities on December 3 is aimed at attracting attention to the problems of people with disabilities, protecting their dignity, rights and well-being, attracting the attention of society to the benefits it receives from the participation of people with disabilities in political, social, economic and cultural life.

The goals for which this day was proclaimed are the full and equal observance of human rights and the participation of persons with disabilities in society. These goals were set in the World Program of Action regarding Disabled Persons, adopted by the General Assembly in 1982.

Each year, the events held as part of this Day are dedicated to a specific topic. So, in different years, the motto of the Day was the words: “Art, culture and an independent lifestyle”, “Accessibility for all in the new millennium”, “Full participation and equality: the demand for new approaches to measure progress and evaluate results”, “Independent life and sustainable earnings ”,“ Nothing About Us Without Us ”,“ Rights of Persons with Disabilities: Activities in Development ”,“ Decent Work for Persons with Disabilities ”,“ Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities: Dignity and Justice for All of Us ”,“ Remove Barriers, Open Doors: for a society open to all “,” Change aimed at creating sustainable communities for all ”,“ Empowering persons with disabilities and ensuring inclusiveness and equality ”, etc.

September 5.

International Day of Charity.

The purpose of the Day is to attract public attention to the activities of charitable organizations and individuals in overcoming poverty and acute humanitarian crises, and, of course, encouraging their work and mobilizing people, public organizations and interested parties in the world to participate in volunteer and charity activities.

По мнению ООН, благотворительность, которая помогает искоренению нищеты во всех странах мира, и выражение солидарности с обездоленными способствуют установлению диалога между людьми разных культур, религий и цивилизаций.

The Hungarian government came up with the initiative to establish this Day, and the date is dedicated to the anniversary of the death of Mother Teresa of Calcutta (1910-1997). A well-known missionary and a Catholic nun – for half a century she served the poor, sick and orphans, engaged in charity work, first in India, and then in other countries. Mother Teresa received worldwide recognition for her noble work, and in 1979 she became a laureate of the Nobel Peace Prize “For activities to help a suffering person.”

Even today, in the modern technological and constantly evolving world, poverty, as a result of social, economic and technological disasters, continues to persist in all countries, regardless of their level of economic, social and cultural development.

Charity helps to overcome the consequences of these severe crises, complements the activities of the state in the field of health care, education, housing and public protection. It also promotes the development of culture, science, sports and provides nature conservation.

Charity, in fact, is voluntary and impersonal in nature, focused on socially significant tasks and does not involve profit. Moreover, both financial and material resources, as well as people’s abilities and energy, act as resources. Indeed, charity is aimed not only at helping those in need, but also at helping to restore historical monuments and temples, equipping educational and medical institutions, and much more.

Charity, like volunteering and philanthropy, is one of the important needs of mankind. It unites people, contributes to the creation of an inclusive and more sustainable society, and to the protection of representatives of the most vulnerable and disadvantaged segments of the population. And today, when the need for humanitarian aid is great and when the number of refugees and displaced persons has reached a record high since the end of World War II, charity plays an increasingly important role. So, International Charity Day is called upon to affirm the principle of mercy in society. After all, it is not known to whom and when support will be needed.

Charity organizations of various directions work in the world – some help children, adults, disabled people, the elderly, people who for various reasons find themselves in a difficult situation, others help dogs, domestic cats, Amur tigers, birds and turtles. Still others are monuments of architecture and culture that are threatened by something … These are large and small organizations that work with different resources. There are many options for help – you can donate money, regardless of size, give things or blood, help put out fires, or you can give your time.

The main thing to understand is that helping others is not a heavy duty or burden, but happiness. If we are generous, we are more sympathetic and attentive to people, we understand them. This creates strong bonds between us, helps to value life and feel useful and in demand.

Therefore, on International Charity Day, the UN invites all Member States, organizations of the UN system and other international and regional organizations, as well as civil society, including non-governmental organizations and individuals, to celebrate International Charity Day in an appropriate manner, promoting charity, including through educational and outreach activities.

We’re inviting you to make a difference today by donating to the Chechyna Appeal.

Every dollar, euro and pound you give will help evacuate LGBTI people in the most danger. And to pressure the Chechen authorities to stop this persecution.

July 30.

International Day of Friendship.

The world faces a large number of challenges and threats: poverty, violence, violation of human rights. It undermines international peace and security, social foundations, creates obstacles for development, divides people and societies. To successfully counter these challenges and threats, it is necessary to eradicate their causes. This can be achieved through solidarity, which can be expressed in many forms. First of all it is friendship, it makes us closer. Together we can achieve harmony, create normal conditions for the existence of all people seeking to make the world a better place.

The ideological basis for the new date was the Declaration and Program of Action on a Culture of Peace and the International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence in the interests of the entire planet (it covered the years 2001-2010).

The UN invited government agencies, as well as international and regional organizations to celebrate this day in accordance with the cultural traditions of a country and organize events and initiatives that will contribute to the efforts of the international community and will be aimed at promoting dialogue among civilizations, solidarity, mutual understanding and reconciliation.

The resolution particularly emphasizes the importance of a new date in strengthening friendly relations between different nations. “Friendship between nations, countries, cultures and individuals can inspire peace efforts and provide an opportunity to build bridges between societies that honor cultural diversity,” the document says.

In addition, one of the objectives of the International Day of Friendship is to attract young people, including future leaders, to social activities aimed at respectful perception of different cultures.

Currently, in many countries of the world, events are held annually related to the promotion of friendship and tolerance towards others. Today, a list of Friendship Day programs is added to their list.

March 21.

International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination.

International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination is held annually on March 21 by decision of the XXI session of the UN General Assembly of October 26, 1966.

On this day in 1960, police opened fire and killed 69 people during a peaceful demonstration in Sharpeville, South Africa, to protest against the laws of the apartheid regime on the compulsory certification of Africans in South Africa.

Proclaiming this Day in 1966, the UN General Assembly called on the international community to redouble its efforts to eliminate all forms of racial discrimination. Thus confirming that racial discrimination can be considered a denial of human rights, fundamental freedoms and justice, and it is a crime against human dignity.

UN also recognizes that discrimination is a serious obstacle to economic and social development, as well as to international cooperation and peace.

Procession in the Cape Province as a sign of mourning for the dead at the hands of the police in Witenhague, South Africa (1985). UN Photo
Procession in the Cape Province as a sign of mourning for the dead at the hands of the police in Witenhague, South Africa (1985). UN Photo
Racial discrimination is strongly condemned by the United Nations and any policy related to it is not only unacceptable but also incompatible with the obligations assumed by the member states of the organization under the UN Charter.

However, even today, in many regions of the world, such harmful phenomena as racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance, which are often directed against migrants and refugees, as well as people of African descent, are being revived.

The UN again and again calls on all states to respect the Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and to take effective measures, including legislative ones, to combat racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and intolerance, and to promote ideas of tolerance, inclusiveness, unity and respect.

Among the programs that can help combat racial discrimination, the UN considers, in particular, assistance in providing equal opportunities for general education and vocational training, as well as guarantees regarding the use (without discrimination based on race, color or ethnic origin) of basic human rights, such as the right to vote, the right to equal access to the use of social services.

March 1.

Zero Discrimination Day!

“Discrimination is a violation of human rights and should not be ignored. Everyone should have the opportunity to live life with respect and dignity. ”
8th UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.

Zero Discrimination Day is celebrated annually on March 1 by a UN decision since 2014. The agency was initiated by the leaders of UNAIDS, the Joint United Nations Program on HIV / AIDS.

Discrimination is an infringement. In the modern concept, this word is used to denote the infringement of a person’s rights on various grounds (social, religious, racial, national, sexual, etc.) and can be carried out in different ways. This is evidenced by the historical experience through which absolutely all modern states have passed. Their gradation varies from a banal unfair attitude to insult and restriction of rights even at the state level.

And if the discrimination cultivated by individual states in relation to certain categories of their citizens is still subject to regulation by international law and international organizations, then discrimination at the household level is still strong, and cannot be fully controlled even in developed democratic countries.

Unfortunately, discrimination continues to affect the lives of millions of people around the world. The slogan “Give a helping hand!” Reveals the goals and tasks of those who care about today’s date, and therefore the fate of other people. But the motto of the Day “Zero Discrimination” in 2016, which sounded like “Be Yourself”, was addressed to those who somehow suffered from discrimination or continue to experience its manifestations. In 2019, UNAIDS on this Day stresses the need for action to repeal discriminatory laws.

The new holiday calls on modern society to tolerate other people, regardless of their racial, national, religious, gender, age, affiliation to a particular social group, regardless of their political and other views and beliefs. He recalls the right of everyone to a full life with dignity. Therefore, the task of the Day is the “absolute” for those who instituted this holiday, and for those who sincerely participate in the implementation of projects within its framework – the achievement of that state of society when discrimination within it is reduced to zero, that is, disappears completely.

Every person has the right to a full and decent life, regardless of age, gender, sexuality, nationality, ethnicity, color, height, weight, profession, education and belief.