USA: Treasury Sanctions Serious Human Rights Abusers on International Human Rights Day.

WASHINGTON– Today, on International Human Rights Day, the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) is targeting perpetrators of serious human rights abuse across several countries in the Western Hemisphere, Middle East, and Eurasia. Today’s actions are taken pursuant to Executive Order (E.O.) 13818, which builds upon and implements the Global Magnitsky Human Rights Accountability Act, and targets perpetrators of serious human rights abuse and corruption. OFAC is also concurrently designating one Yemeni individual pursuant to E.O. 13611, “Blocking Property of Persons Threatening the Peace, Security, or Stability of Yemen.”

“As we recognize International Human Rights Day, the United States stands with innocent civilians around the globe who have been victims of violence and oppression,” said Deputy Secretary Justin G. Muzinich. “The United States also welcomes the growing ability of our partners to join us in targeting human rights abuses. Over the last few months, the United Kingdom and the European Union have each adopted new sanctions authorities, creating a powerful, global framework for targeting human rights abuses.”

. . . . .

SERIOUS HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSE IN RUSSIA.

Ramzan Kadyrov (Kadyrov), the Head of the Chechen Republic, is being designated today pursuant to the Global Magnitsky E.O. for being a foreign person who is a leader of an organization, the Kadyrovtsy, that has engaged in, or whose members have engaged in, serious human rights abuses. Kadyrov and the forces he commands, commonly known as the Kadyrovtsy, are implicated in the murder of Boris Nemtsov, an opposition politician to Russian President Vladimir Putin, and other serious violations of human rights. On December 20, 2017, OFAC designated Kadyrov pursuant to the Russia Magnitsky Act for being responsible for extrajudicial killing, torture, or other gross violations of internationally recognized human rights committed against individuals seeking to expose illegal activity carried out by officials of the Government of the Russian Federation, or to obtain, exercise, defend, or promote internationally recognized human rights and freedoms, such as the freedoms of religion, expression, association, and assembly, and the rights to a fair trial and democratic elections, in the Russian Federation. 

Following Kadyrov’s previous designation, the Kadyrovtsy, under the guidance of Kadyrov, continued these egregious activities, to include kidnapping, torturing, and killing members of the LGBTI population in the Chechen Republic. The Kadyrovtsy are accused of illegal abductions, torture, extrajudicial executions, and other abuses, including the detention of journalists and activists. 

In addition to Kadyrov, OFAC is designating the following six companies registered in Russia that continue to provide Kadyrov pride and significant profit:

  • Absolute Championship Akhmat for being owned or controlled by Kadyrov.
  • Akhmat MMA for being owned or controlled by Kadyrov.
  • FC Akhmat Grozny for being owned or controlled by Kadyrov.
  • Akhmat Kadyrov Foundation for being owned or controlled by Kadyrov.
  • Megastroyinvest, OOO for being owned or controlled by the Akhmat Kadyrov Foundation.
  • Chechen Mineral Waters Ltd. for being owned or controlled by the Akhmat Kadyrov Foundation.

OFAC is also designating five individuals who are prominent members in Kadyrov’s network:

  • Vakhit Usmayev, the Deputy Prime Minister of Chechnya, has acted or purported to act for or on behalf of, directly or indirectly, Kadyrov.
  • Timur Dugazaev, a representative of Kadyrov in Europe, has acted or purported to act for or on behalf of, directly or indirectly, Kadyrov.
  • Ziyad Sabsabi, a representative of Kadyrov, has acted or purported to act for or on behalf of, directly or indirectly, Kadyrov.
  • Daniil Vasilievich Martynov, a personal security advisor for Kadyrov, has acted or purported to act for or on behalf of, directly or indirectly, Kadyrov.
  • Satish Seemar, a horse trainer for Kadyrov, has materially assisted, sponsored, or provided financial material, or technological support for, or goods and services to or in support of, Kadyrov.

SANCTIONS IMPLICATIONS

As a result of today’s action, all property and interests in property of the persons above that are in the United States or in the possession or control of U.S. persons are blocked and must be reported to OFAC. In addition, any entities that are owned, directly or indirectly, 50 percent or more by one or more blocked persons are also blocked. Unless authorized by a general or specific license issued by OFAC, or otherwise exempt, OFAC’s regulations generally prohibit all transactions by U.S. persons or within (or transiting) the United States that involve any property or interests in property of designated or otherwise blocked persons. The prohibitions include the making of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or services by, to, or for the benefit of any blocked person or the receipt of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or services from any such person.

GLOBAL MAGNITSKY

Building upon the Global Magnitsky Human Rights Accountability Act, the President signed E.O. 13818 on December 20, 2017, in which the President found that the prevalence of human rights abuse and corruption that have their source, in whole or in substantial part, outside the United States, had reached such scope and gravity that it threatens the stability of international political and economic systems. Human rights abuse and corruption undermine the values that form an essential foundation of stable, secure, and functioning societies; have devastating impacts on individuals; weaken democratic institutions; degrade the rule of law; perpetuate violent conflicts; facilitate the activities of dangerous persons; and undermine economic markets. The United States seeks to impose tangible and significant consequences on those who commit serious human rights abuse or engage in corruption, as well as to protect the financial system of the United States from abuse by these same persons. 

Copyright www.home.treasury.gov

UK announces travel bans and asset freezes for human rights violators.

UK announces travel bans and asset freezes for 11 Russian, Venezuelan, Gambian and Pakistani human rights violators.
  • the UK is placing sanctions, including travel bans and asset freezes, on 11 politicians, officials and others responsible for gross human rights violations in Russia, Venezuela, The Gambia and Pakistan
  • UK is acting alongside the US who are also announcing new designations under their human rights regime today
  • on International Human Rights Day, the Foreign Secretary warns those who commit human rights violations that the UK will not hesitate to impose further sanctions

Today (10 December) the UK has announced a third tranche of sanctions under its Global Human Rights Sanctions Regime against 11 individuals and one entity from Russia, Venezuela, The Gambia and Pakistan for egregious human rights violations, including torture and murder.

These sanctions, announced on International Human Rights Day, are part of the UK’s global human rights regime which gives the UK powers to stop those involved in serious human rights abuses and violations from entering the country, channelling money through UK banks, or profiting from our economy.

This is the third time the UK has sanctioned people or entities for human rights violations and abuses under a UK-only regime, with the first in July and the second in September 2020.

This is also the second time the UK has worked alongside allies to announce sanctions, with the US also announcing their own measures today. In total, the US and the UK designated 31 actors today for their involvement in serious human rights abuses.

  • in Russia, the UK is imposing sanctions, including travel bans and asset freezes, against three individuals and the Terek Special Rapid Response Unit responsible for torture and other human rights violations against LGBT people in Chechnya
  • in Venezuela, sanctions will be imposed on senior security figures responsible for human rights violations in Maduro’s illegitimate regime. These designations are a timely reminder of the crisis in Venezuela, coming as they do so soon after the illegitimate Maduro regime organised deeply flawed National Assembly elections on 6 December
  • the former President of The Gambia, Yahya Jammeh, and Ahmad Anwar Khan, the former Senior Superintendent of Police in Malir District, Pakistan are also facing sanctions for historic human rights violations including extrajudicial killings of protestors and minority groups

Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab said:

Today’s sanctions send a clear message to human rights violators that the UK will hold them to account.

The UK and our allies are shining a light on the severe and systematic human rights violations perpetrated by those sanctioned today. Global Britain will stand up for democracy, human rights and the rule of law as a force for good in the world.

Underlining the UK’s position as a global force for good, this regime showcases commitment to the rules-based international system and to standing up for victims of human rights violations and abuses around the world.

Further Information

The full list of designations:

Venezuela

  1. Rafael Bastardo Commander of FAES (Special Action Forces) until 2019
  2. Remigio Ceballos Ichaso: Head of the Strategic Command Operations of the Bolivarian National Armed Forces (CEOFANB)
  3. Fabio Zavarse Pabon: Commander of the National Guard (GNB)

Russian Federation

  1. Magomed Daudov: The Spokesperson/Chairperson of the Parliament of the Chechen Republic
  2. Aiub Kataev: Head of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Chechen Republic of the Russian Federation in Argun
  3. Apti Alaudinov: Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs of the Chechen Republic and Major General of the Police
  4. Terek Special Rapid Response Unit

The Gambia

  1. Yahya Abdul Aziz Jemus Junkung Jammeh: Former President of The Gambia
  2. Yankuba Badjie: Former Director General of the Gambian National Intelligence Agency (NIA)
  3. Zineb Jammeh: Former First Lady of The Gambia and wife of Yahya Jammeh

Pakistan

  1. Anwar Ahmad Khan: Former Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) in Malir District, Karachi

Copyright www.gov.uk

December 10.

Human Rights Day.

The date December 10 was chosen in honor of the adoption and proclamation by the UN General Assembly on December 10, 1948 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), a landmark document that proclaimed the inalienable rights inherent in everyone, regardless of race. skin color, sex, language, religion, political or other convictions, national or social origin, property, class or other status.

This Document, adopted almost immediately after the terrible Second World War, which violated all possible rights, including the right to life of millions of people, became the first world document to formulate provisions on human rights. The Declaration includes a wide range of political, civil, social, cultural and economic rights.

It is being translated more often than any other document in the world: the text exists in more than 500 languages, which testifies to the universal nature and scope of the Declaration. On its basis, the development of other international agreements was carried out.

In the last decade, Human Rights Day has been held every year under a specific slogan, including: “Human dignity and justice for all of us”, “Non-discrimination”, “Human rights defenders around the world fighting to eradicate discrimination”, “We honor human rights!”, “ My voice matters ”,“ 20 years of fighting for your rights ”,“ Human rights 365 days a year ”,“ Fight for someone’s rights today! ” other.

By the way, every 5 years on December 10, on the anniversary of the proclamation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the UN Human Rights Prize ceremony is held. It was established in 1966 to honor those who have made outstanding contributions to the promotion and protection of human rights, and was first awarded in 1968.

December 1.

World AIDS Day.

World AIDS Day is celebrated annually around the world on December 1, in accordance with the decision of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the decision of the UN General Assembly adopted in 1988.

This Day has become one of the most important international health days and a key opportunity to raise awareness, pay tribute to those who died from the disease, and celebrate achievements such as expanding access to treatment and prevention.

On June 5, 1981, the American Center for Disease Control registered a new disease – AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). This is a serious condition that develops in a person against the background of severe immunodeficiency caused by a long course of HIV infection.

For the first time, AIDS Day was celebrated on December 1, 1988, following a call for social tolerance and increased exchange of information on HIV / AIDS at a meeting of ministers of health from all countries.

This international day, celebrated each year, serves to strengthen organized efforts to combat the HIV and AIDS pandemic spreading across all regions of the world. Organized efforts are aimed at strengthening public support for HIV / AIDS prevention programs, organizing training and providing information on all aspects of HIV / AIDS.

Realizing the ever-increasing complexities of the HIV / AIDS pandemic, the UN formed in 1996 a union of six global organizations. Called the Joint United Nations Program on HIV / AIDS (UNAIDS), the program brings together as sponsors of this joint project, the United Nations Children’s Fund, the United Nations Development Program, the United Nations Population Fund, the United Nations Organization for Education, Science and Culture (UNESCO), the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Bank.

UNAIDS supports long-term global projects on HIV and AIDS prevention; assists in the fight for human rights regardless of HIV status, assists countries around the world through prevention education, support for HIV / AIDS research, and work with programs to expand the international front against HIV / AIDS.

According to the organization, today 37.9 million people worldwide are infected with HIV, and a quarter of them are unaware of their status. But knowing your status is the first step towards HIV treatment and prevention.

World AIDS Day has become an annual event in most countries and is celebrated each year under a different motto that reflects current pressing issues. Although December 1 has been designated as the date for the Day, many communities organize a number of educational and diagnostic events during the weeks and days before and after the official celebration.

The symbol of the fight against AIDS is the red ribbon, and not a single action in this area is complete today without it. This ribbon was conceived in the spring of 1991 as a symbol of understanding AIDS. Its idea belongs to the artist Frank Moore. He lived in a provincial New York state town, where a neighboring family wore yellow ribbons, hoping for the safe return of their soldier daughter from the Persian Gulf. Ribbons first appeared as a symbol during the Gulf War. Green ribbons, similar to the non-inverted V, have become a symbol of the experiences of the Atlanta child murders. The artist decided that the ribbon could be a metaphor for AIDS too.

The idea was accepted by the Visual AIDS group. As the organization consisted of professional artists and art managers, the advertisement for the visible symbol of the fight against AIDS was very successful. It all started very simply. Here is an excerpt from an early Visual AIDS flyer: “Cut a red tape 6 centimeters long, then fold at the top to form an inverted V. Use a safety pin to attach it to your clothes. “

November 16.

International Day for Tolerance.

The Declaration of Principles on Tolerance declares that all people are different in nature, but equal in their dignity and rights. According to the document, tolerance means respect, acceptance and correct understanding of the rich diversity of the world’s cultures, forms of self-expression and ways of manifesting human individuality. At the state level, tolerance requires fair and impartial legislation, respect for the rule of law, and due process and administration. Tolerance also requires providing everyone with opportunities for economic and social development without discrimination.

The most effective means of preventing intolerance is, according to the declaration, education, which begins with teaching people what their general rights and freedoms are, in order to ensure the exercise of these rights, and encouraging the desire to protect the rights of others.

The United Nations is committed to fostering tolerance by deepening understanding between cultures and peoples. This imperative is at the heart of the UN Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It is even more relevant in the current era of intensifying and violent extremism, the spread of radicalism and the expansion of conflicts, one of the hallmarks of which is a complete disregard for human life.

In recent years, there has been a sharp increase in the incidence of intolerance, extremism and violence around the world. This alarming trend is fueled in part by a growing tendency to define differences in terms of identity, rather than in terms of opinions or interests.

As a result, individuals and entire communities become targets of violence and cruelty only because of their ethnic, religious, national or other identity. Such threats, whether it be widespread genocide or daily humiliation due to prejudice, should be of concern to everyone.

Each of us must strive to uphold the principles of tolerance, pluralism, mutual respect and peaceful coexistence. We must always be ready to eliminate stereotypes and misconceptions and to advocate for victims of discrimination.

It is important to remember that diversity, embodied in thoughts, beliefs and actions, is a valuable gift, not a threat. We must strive to build more tolerant communities in which this fundamental ideal will take root.