50 years of the LGBT revolution: how the attitude towards sex minorities has changed in the US over half a century.

In New York, they are preparing to host the WorldPride anniversary parade. On June 28, 1969, the police raided the Manhattan gay club “Stonewall”: this event marked the beginning of a major struggle of sex minorities for their rights. How common homophobic attitudes among Americans are now and how the lives of homosexuals have changed over the past decades, correspondent RTVI Harry Knjagnitsky.

Anton and Arsen Low met and married in New York. There is no need to hide from anyone, be silent, hide and conceal your feelings.

Arsen Lowe: “When I lived in Russia, I worked there, there was a feeling of inner homophobia, there were inner fears”.

They traveled almost all of America, and it was not that in all American states they managed without slanting glances in their direction, but did not reach obvious reproaches or threats.

Anton Low: “Maybe there were places in which I could not feel so comfortable, but there was no homophobia or anything else.”

Nowadays, in front of the gay community in America, the green street is formally open. Although why green? It is traditionally painted in all colors of the rainbow: choose yourself any way. But even 50 years ago, in all US states, with the exception of Illinois, homosexuality was a criminal offense.

If you’re lucky, they will be sent to a hospital: gays in America in the 60s were officially considered mentally ill, says Alexei Gorshkov to tourists. The human rights activist conducts free tours of Greenwich Village. Today this area is called Hipster, and in the late 60s it was called “the cloaca inhabited by sodomites.”

Alexey Gorshkov, a human rights activist: “In the 60s, the authorities of the State of New York banned the sale of alcohol to gays because they violate public morality.”

The police monitored morality: they organized raids in bars where homosexuals gathered. With the current gay clubs such places had nothing to do. These were semi-underground institutions, they were kept by the mafia, which was bought off from the police by bribes. The most famous bar was considered “Stonevoll-Inn.”

On the night of June 28, 1969, a seemingly ordinary raid with shouts on duty was staged here: “No one should move! Police! All to the wall! What rags are you wearing? ” But then people tired of bullying burst.

Some say that the first to the police threw either a coin, or a bottle, or a transsexual stone, Sylvia Riviera. Others claim it was Marsha Johnson.

Alexey Gorshkov, human rights activist: “The police, only 10 people, simply did not know what to do. People united. It was not the rebellion of one person, it was a massive outburst of rage. People rose up against police brutality. The policemen barricaded themselves in the club because the crowd had driven them inside. People started turning over police cars. ”

So in America, the gay revolution began. Cohesive LGBT organizations began to appear. In 1973, homosexuality was excluded from the list of mental illnesses. Really gay in the United States took in the 90s. In 2015, same-sex marriages were legalized throughout the country, and in 2019 the police finally apologized for Stonewall.

James O’Neill, New York City Police Commissioner: “I know for sure: what happened did not happen. New York Police took the wrong steps, rash. Acts and laws were discriminatory and cruel. And for that, I apologize. ”

Now the police are here, as in the guard of honor. Inside, in memory of the hot summer of 1969, photographs are exhibited, and Greenwich Village is buried in a rainbow. She’s on flags, banners, clothes.

In 2011, when New York became the sixth state to legalize same-sex marriages, Patrick was attacked in Queens. At Greenwich Village, everyone knows him.

Patrick: “That guy sneaked behind me and started beating me. What happened next, I do not really remember. When I woke up in the hospital, my skull was broken and my nose was broken, my legs were broken. I feel better now. ”

Mihkel Dikus, too, almost killed a few years ago. He says that a stranger sat down at the bar with him, started a heart-to-heart conversation, drank, and went to Mihkel’s house.

Mihkel Dikus: “He began to choke me. I could not move, began to choke and lose consciousness. I thought it was the end. But then he let me go and demanded money. ”

The euphoria of being alive quickly changed to post-traumatic syndrome. Mihkel thought that the attacker was tracking him down; for six years he went to a psychotherapist. Now helps other victims of attacks.

Mihkel Dikus: “Those who feel like a victim fall victim again if they do not receive the help they need. And some of them are beginning to look for a victim in order to recoup someone, to cause harm. So this circle closes. I tore it for myself. ”

Mihkel believes that it is necessary to talk about this, and not to make magnificent gay parades, which, with all the external effect, have become completely empty meaningfully. The “Stonewall” began as a rebellion, as another bright episode of the struggle for human rights in America. And today this is just a reason to arrange a carnival. This is sure Anthony Dolsey.

Anthony Dolsey : “Everything began to look like solid commerce. Politicians and celebrities come to us to shine in front of television cameras. But when real help is needed, they do nothing. As soon as the parade ends, they disappear.And we need them every day. We need them to talk about gay violence. This violence needs to stop. ”

But people who come to Pride parades think differently. For the LGBT community, these processions are a real triumph of freedom and a demonstration of simple truth: every tenth person on earth is born gay. Yesterday, most of them were hiding. These feathers, makeup and smiles were very difficult for everyone.

For a break in the consciousness and perception of the world, the most important thing, according to psychologists, is to see thousands, hundreds of thousands of people like you who have ceased to be afraid. However, it is also true that the parades pass, but the rejection in one degree or another remains.

Columbia University professor Paul Martin is sure: the problem is that society simply does not have time to digest the changes. From a prison term for homosexuality to legal same-sex marriage, it took only half a century.

Paul Martin, a professor at Columbia University: “One of the global shifts in public consciousness has happened. And gradually the idea of ​​adopting children by gay couples got involved here. Once it was terrifying, but now it has become a routine. Not in every state, but at the national level it happened. ”

Happened, but not all. In the US, there is still no federal law on the inadmissibility of discrimination of LGBT people. In this too different country, where some idolize the Constitution, and others the Bible, approaching any of the poles, liberal or conservative, provokes a response. In the worst manifestations – violence, in the best – accurate political correct ignoring.

Elena : “The main thing is that this does not concern children, that’s all. Just if they do something there, let them do it in their gated community. If my son says that he is like this, I will never stop loving him. But with all of this, I would like it not to concern children a little now. ”

Arsen Low’s parents for seven years could not accept the idea that he was gay. But in the end he was accepted as he is. Anton did not begin to devote all his loved ones to his personal life.

Anton Lowe: “My grandmother is a religious Muslim. They have a lot of problems with that. ”

And here they have no problems, consider Arsen with Anton. New York is probably one of the most friendly cities in the world in relation to gays. Absolutely safe? Hardly. Ask Patrick, who spent three months in a coma and did not learn to walk in the eight years since the beating.

Patrick: “He said that when he gets out of prison, he will kill me.”

Patrick says he is not afraid. A sign is attached to his walker: “My spirit is wounded, but not broken.”

Copyright www.rtvi.com

En banlieue, les agressions contre des homosexuels se multiplient.

Version on ENG.

Depuis plusieurs années, les agressions très violentes contre les personnes homosexuelles se multiplient dans la banlieue des grandes villes. Enquête sur un phénomène qui alarme associations et autorités.

A spokesman of the ‘Stop Homophobie’ association Lyes Alouane poses during a photo session in Paris on November 27, 2018. (Photo by Christophe ARCHAMBAULT / AFP)

L’agression a eu lieu dans la nuit du 4 au 5 mars 2019. Kevin, 32 ans, descend de sa voiture tout juste garée dans une résidence privée de Drancy, au nord de Paris. Trois jeunes gens fondent sur lui, le frappent à la tête, le jettent à terre puis le rouent de coups de pied. Un coup de couteau lui perfore le poumon. Malgré tout, Kevin parvient à déclencher l’alarme de sa voiture, ce qui met fin à l’agression.

Trois jours plus tôt, le trentenaire était entré en contact, via un site de rencontres, avec un homme de 27 ans. Les deux internautes, qui échangent des messages pendant 72 heures, décident de se donner rendez-vous. « Il avait justifié l’heure tardive en disant qu’il travaillait dans un restaurant, raconte aujourd’hui Kevin, qui subit encore les séquelles de son agression. Nous avions parlé de nos vies et de nos projets professionnels. À aucun moment je ne me suis méfié. » Depuis l’attaque, ses agresseurs ont été arrêtés. Kevin a alors découvert que c’est précisément cet homme qui l’a poignardé. « Je savais que ces guets-apens existaient, mais je pensais que ça n’arrivait qu’aux autres », souffle la victime.

345 agressions en banlieue en 2018.

Drancy, Gennevilliers, Chanteloup-les-Vignes, en région parisienne mais aussi Vénissieux, près de Lyon, les agressions physiques contre les personnes homosexuelles, particulièrement violentes, se sont multipliées ces dernières années. Officiellement, il n’existe pas de chiffres du phénomène, tant ces attaques sont difficiles à recenser. Réticences des victimes à porter plainte, classements sans suite par manque de preuves… Des associations établissent toutefois des décomptes à partir des demandes d’aide. Sur les 1 277 « dénonciations d’agressions physiques » recensées en 2018 par Stop Homophobie, 672 ont eu lieu en Île-de-France, dont 345 en banlieue.

« Il s’agit principalement de guet-apens », commente Terrence Katchadourian, le secrétaire général de l’association, qui a assisté 78 personnes lors de procès. De son côté, le ministère de la justice enregistre très peu de condamnations : « En 2017, 25 condamnations ont été prononcées pour des atteintes aux personnes aggravées en raison de l’orientation sexuelle ou de l’identité de genre de la victime », précise-t-on à la Chancellerie, qui estime que « ces chiffres sont probablement peu représentatifs du phénomène ». Et précise : « Ces faits peuvent aussi être poursuivis et sanctionnés comme des violences volontaires avec arme, en réunion. »

« Le guet-apens, un phénomène répandu ».

Une source proche de Matignon donne d’autres éléments d’analyse. « Il n’y a pas forcément plus d’agressions, mais elles sont nettement plus violentes », dit-elle, s’inquiétant du « phénomène répandu des guets-apens, via des applications de rencontre ».

Comment l’expliquer ? Pour Ludovic-Mohamed Zahed, imam, sociologue et l’un des fondateurs de l’association Homosexuels musulmans de France (aujourd’hui disparue), le problème « est avant tout socioéconomique. Lorsque le niveau d’éducation est faible et que l’accès à l’emploi est restreint, cela aboutit à un phénomène de désignations de bouc émissaire, qui cible toujours les minorités. » Selon lui, « le religieux n’est pas un facteur déterminant » des violences.

« Un homosexuel arabe, c’est la honte de la communauté ».

Une analyse que ne partage pas Mehdi Aifa, président de l’Amicale du Refuge (regroupant d’anciens pensionnaires de l’association du Refuge, qui vient en aide aux jeunes homosexuels chassés de leur famille). « Il y a de l’homophobie partout en France, mais elle est évidemment beaucoup plus violente en banlieue, en particulier dans des quartiers où il y a une concentration de population d’origine maghrébine et de confession musulmane. Dans ces banlieues, être homosexuel et maghrébin est incompatible. Un homosexuel arabe, c’est la honte de la communauté. »

Le jeune homme, qui a vécu à Vénissieux, poursuit : « J’ai en tête des dizaines d’histoires de gens que l’on essaye de faire changer d’orientation sexuelle en organisant des rencontres, voire des mariages forcés. Pour eux, soit on perd sa famille et sa communauté, soit on accepte le mariage et on entre dans une double-vie. On ne peut nier qu’en l’occurrence, l’islam fasse partie du problème. » Ce responsable associatif porte un discours très dur envers les responsables communautaires et religieux et ne croit pas à un dialogue possible avec les imams.

« Casser du pédé est devenu une fierté ».

Brahim Naït-Balk, lui, y croit au contraire. « Le combat se joue aussi dans le champ religieux. Je veux rencontrer des imams, faire venir des responsables musulmans à mes conférences pour qu’ils entendent mon témoignage. » Âgé de 56 ans, cet éducateur sportif d’origine marocaine retrace d’une voix posée les épreuves qu’il a traversées lors de sa jeunesse à Aulnay-sous-Bois. Les fellations et les viols imposés, pendant sept ans, par un groupe de jeunes de sa cité. Son silence par peur des représailles, notamment vis-à-vis de ses frères et sœurs. Il a quitté la ville de Seine-Saint-Denis à 31 ans puis raconté son histoire en 2009, dans une biographie (1), qui l’a « sauvé du suicide », dit-il.

Aujourd’hui, quand il ne travaille pas comme directeur départemental handisport des Hauts-de-Seine, il multiplie les conférences dans les écoles. « J’arrive à faire changer progressivement les regards », estime-t-il, même s’il ne cache pas son inquiétude face à une forme de « montée de l’intégrisme. La violence est gratuite, très répandue. Casser du pédé est devenu une fierté. »

« Certains me guettaient en bas de chez moi pour me traiter de “sale pédé” ».

Son récit recoupe le témoignage de Lyès Alouane, 23 ans. En 2016, le jeune homme, qui habitait Gennevilliers, près de Paris, avait affiché sur son profil Facebook une photo de lui et de son compagnon. Dès le lendemain, les insultes ont commencé à pleuvoir dans son quartier. « Le bouche-à-oreille a joué dans toute la cité, raconte le délégué de l’association Stop Homophobie pour l’Île-de-France. On me disait que j’allais aller en enfer, que l’homosexualité était “haram”, que j’étais dégueulasse. Certains me guettaient en bas de chez moi pour me traiter de sale pédé. »

Une partie de sa famille cesse de lui parler. « Ils auraient préféré que je me cache. Ma mère me lançait : “Moi, si je faisais le trottoir, je ne le dirais pas.” » Dans le quartier, il connaît bien ses agresseurs : l’un des meneurs était en 5e avec lui. En deux ans, il dépose 22 plaintes. Il est aussi victime d’un guet-apens à Saint-Denis, après une rencontre sur Facebook. « Je m’en suis sorti avec 4 points de suture au crâne. » Il a depuis déménagé, trouvant refuge à Paris, chez une amie. Ses agresseurs doivent être jugés en juin.

Peu de condamnations.

Depuis janvier 2017, commettre une infraction en raison de l’orientation sexuelle constitue une circonstance aggravante, applicable à toutes les infractions punies d’emprisonnement (meurtre, acte de torture et de barbarie, agression sexuelle, violences, vol, menaces, extorsions, etc.).

Le nombre de condamnations pour de telles infractions (atteintes aux personnes aggravées en raison de l’orientation sexuelle ou de l’identité de genre de la victime, soit atteinte à la vie, violences, menaces) reste faible. La justice française a ainsi condamné 25 personnes en 2017, 39 en 2016, 22 en 2015, 26 en 2014 et 29 en 2013.

Copyright www.la-croix.com

In the suburbs, assaults against homosexuals multiply.

Version on FR.

For several years, very violent attacks against homosexuals are multiplying in the suburbs of big cities. Investigation of a phenomenon that alarms associations and authorities.

A spokesman of the ‘Stop Homophobie’ association Lyes Alouane poses during a photo session in Paris on November 27, 2018. (Photo by Christophe ARCHAMBAULT / AFP)

The attack took place on the night of 4 to 5 March 2019. Kevin, 32, gets out of his car just parked in a private residence in Drancy, north of Paris. Three young men fall on him, beat him in the head, throw him to the ground and then kick him. A stab wounds his lung. Nevertheless, Kevin manages to trigger the alarm of his car, which ends the aggression.

Three days earlier, the 30-year-old had made contact, via a dating site, with a 27-year-old man. The two Internet users, who exchange messages for 72 hours, decide to make an appointment. “He had justified the late hour by saying that he worked in a restaurant, says Kevin today, who is still suffering the effects of his aggression. We had talked about our lives and our professional projects. At no time was I suspicious. ” Since the attack, the assailants were arrested. Kevin then discovered that it was precisely this man who stabbed him. “I knew that these ambushes existed, but I thought it only happened to others,” the victim blows.

345 assaults in the suburbs in 2018.

Drancy, Gennevilliers, Chanteloup-les-Vignes, in the Paris region but also Vénissieux, near Lyon, physical aggression against homosexual people, particularly violent, have multiplied in recent years. Officially, there are no figures of the phenomenon, as these attacks are difficult to identify. Reluctance of victims to lodge a complaint, rankings without follow-up due to lack of evidence … However, associations draw up accounts based on requests for help. Of the 1,277 “denunciations of physical assaults” identified in 2018 by Stop Homophobie, 672 took place in Île-de-France, including 345 in the suburbs.

“It’s mainly ambush,” said Terrence Katchadourian, the association’s secretary general, who assisted 78 people in court cases. For its part, the Ministry of Justice records very few convictions: “In 2017, 25 convictions were for aggravated offenses against persons because of sexual orientation or gender identity of the victim” , says Does the Chancellery say that “these figures are probably not very representative of the phenomenon” . And states: “These facts can also be prosecuted and punished as intentional violence with weapons, in meetings. “

“The ambush, a widespread phenomenon”.

A source close to Matignon gives other elements of analysis. “There is not necessarily more aggression, but they are much more violent,” she says, worrying about the “widespread phenomenon of ambushes, via dating applications . “

How to explain it? For Ludovic-Mohamed Zahed, imam, sociologist and one of the founders of the Association Muslims Muslims of France (now extinct), the problem “is primarily socio-economic. When the level of education is low and access to employment is restricted, this leads to a phenomenon of scapegoating, which still targets minorities. ” According to him, ” the religious is not a determining factor ” of the violence.

“An Arab homosexual is the shame of the community”.

An analysis that does not share Mehdi Aifa, president of the Amicale du Refuge (gathering former residents of the Refuge Association, which helps young homosexuals driven out of their families). “There is homophobia everywhere in France, but it is obviously much more violent in the suburbs, especially in neighborhoods where there is a concentration of people of Maghrebi origin and Muslim faith. In these suburbs, being homosexual and Maghreb is incompatible. An Arab homosexual is the shame of the community. “

The young man, who lived in Vénissieux, continues: “I have in mind dozens of stories of people who are trying to change their sexual orientation by organizing meetings, or even forced marriages. For them, either we lose our family and our community, we accept the marriage and we enter a double life. It can not be denied that in this case Islam is part of the problem. ” This associative charge carries a very tough speech to community and religious leaders and does not believe in a possible dialogue with imams.

“Breaking the fag has become a pride”.

Brahim Nait-Balk, on the contrary, believes in it. “The fight is also played out in the religious field. I want to meet imams, bring Muslim leaders to my conferences to hear my testimony. ” Aged 56, the sports teacher of Moroccan origin traces a calm voice the hardships he went through during his youth in Aulnay-sous-Bois. Blowjobs and rapes imposed for seven years by a group of young people from his city. His silence for fear of reprisals, especially vis-à-vis his brothers and sisters. He left the city of Seine-Saint-Denis at age 31 and told his story in 2009, in a biography (1), which “saved him from suicide,” he says.

Today, when he does not work as a departmental director of the Hauts-de-Seine department, he multiplies conferences in schools. “I can gradually change the eyes,” he believes, although he does not hide his concern about a form of “rise of fundamentalism. Violence is free, widespread. Breaking the fag has become a pride. “

“Some people were waiting for me at the bottom of my house to call me ” dirty homo “.

His story cuts across the testimony of Lyès Alouane, 23 years old. In 2016, the young man, who lived in Gennevilliers, near Paris, posted on his Facebook profile a picture of him and his companion. The next day, insults began to rain in his neighborhood. “Word-of-mouth has played throughout the city, says the delegate of the association Stop Homophobia for the Île-de-France. I was told that I was going to hell, that homosexuality was “haram”, that I was disgusting. Some were watching me downstairs to call me a dirty homo. “

Part of his family stops talking to him. “They would have preferred me to hide. My mother threw me: “If I was doing the sidewalk, I would not tell.” ” In the district, he knows his attackers: one of the leaders was 5 th with him. In two years, he filed 22 complaints. He is also the victim of a trap in Saint-Denis, after a meeting on Facebook. “I got away with 4 stitches in the skull. ” He has since moved, taking refuge in Paris with a friend. His attackers must be tried in June.

Few convictions.

Since January 2017, committing an offense on the basis of sexual orientation constitutes an aggravating circumstance, applicable to all offenses punishable by imprisonment (murder, torture and barbarism, sexual assault, violence, theft, threats, extortion, etc. .).

The number of convictions for such offenses (attacks on persons aggravated by the victim’s sexual orientation or gender identity, life, violence, threats) remains low. French justice has sentenced 25 people in 2017, 39 in 2016, 22 in 2015, 26 in 2014 and 29 in 2013.

Copyright www.la-croix.com

Pop star reveals horrors of Russian ‘purge’ of gay people: ‘We get beat down’.

ANDREA Di Giovanni has spoken out about the dark reality of living as a LGBTQ+ person in Russia. Below is a link to the song (YouTube).

APPALLED: Andrea was shaken up by his experiences in Russia (Pic: INSTAGRAM / ANDREA DI GIOVANNI).

The rising star recently released new single Forbidden Love, to shed light on the rampant inequality he saw in reports of hate crimes and even killings in Chechnya.

“The song is about the purge on gay people in Russia. I was so shocked because we’ve seen purges historically, but to see it in 2019, that someone like me or who wants to be like me can be jailed or abused, really struck a chord with me,” he explained.

“I want people to know what it’s like to feel insecure and drown in shame just because you want to love somebody.”

Andrea, who is from Italy, graduated from the British Institute of Modern Music in 2017 and has been releasing music consistently in the years since.

Last year he played a series of Pride performances, including the London main stage – an opportunity he hopes to take advantage of again this year, as well as the LGBT Awards.

GLAMAZON: Andrea is inspired by Balenziaga and McQueen (Pic: INSTAGRAM / ANDREA DI GIOVANNI)

While Andrea’s look may be high-glam and flamboyant, a keen sense of right and wrong is at the heart of his ambition.

“I understand personal agenda, but I’m allergic to injustice. When I see things I’m unhappy with I feel compelled to speak with the platform that I have, rather than be oblivious,” he continued.

“It’s important because that’s how you change society, by disrupting it. That’s my mission and I love it, it’s a cool way of speaking to not just my own community, but those outside of it.

“Music is a universal language and it can offer insight into how we live today.”

On an aesthetic level, Andrea credits his fabulous style to a mix of different influences.

“I like weird, quirky fashion like Balenziaga and Alexander McQueen. I’m also a fan of retro or vintage pieces,” he added.

“On top of all that I love Italian fashion – that old school sense of glamour. When I was a kid I’d soak up the classic beauty in Vogue magazine.”

You can get pleasure from creativity now, below link to YouTube:

Copyright www.dailystar.co.uk

Brunei urged to halt introduction of strict new anti-LGBT+ laws.

KUALA LUMPUR (Thomson Reuters Foundation) – Brunei must rowback on plans to implement changes to its penal code next month that could see LGBT+ people whipped or stoned to death for same-sex activity, human rights groups said on Monday.

Brunei was the first East Asian country to introduce Islamic criminal law in 2014 when it announced the first of three stages of legal changes that included fines or jail for offences like pregnancy outside marriage or failing to pray on Friday.

Previously homosexuality was illegal in Brunei and punishable by up to 10 years imprisonment, but the changes would allow whipping and stoning to death for Muslims found guilty of adultery, sodomy and rape, said human rights groups.

The country delayed implementing the final two stages of changes after an international backlash in 2014 but now plans to go ahead with both on April 3, said Matthew Woolfe, founder of human rights group The Brunei Project.

ASEAN SOGIE Caucus, a Manila-based human rights group, confirmed the implementation of the remaining changes were due to take place on April 3, citing government documents.

Manila-based OutRight Action International also confirmed Brunei was about to implement a new stage in its sharia laws.

The Brunei Prime Minister’s Department did not respond to an emailed request for comment.

Copyright www.reuters.com